The 100 most influential papers in medical artificial intelligence; a bibliometric analysis

Authors

  • Fatima Zahoor King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Abdullah Department of Surgery, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Waleed Tahir King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Asif Islam Department of Medicine, Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.10064

Keywords:

Artificial intelligence, Machine learning, Computer reasoning, Machine intelligence

Abstract

Objective: To assess the current trends in the field of artificial intelligence in medicine by analysing 100 most cited original articles relevant to the field.

Methods: The systematic review was conducted in September 2022, and comprised literature search on Scopus database for original articles only. Google and Medical Subject Headings databases were used as resources to extract key words. In order to cover a broad range of articles, original studies comprising human as well as non-human subjects, studies without abstract and studies in languages other than English were part of the inclusion criteria. There was no specific time period applied to the search and no specific selection was done regarding the journals in the database. The screening was done using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines to extract the top 100 most cited articles in the field of artificial intelligence usage in medicine. Data was analysed using SPSS 23.

Results: Of the 11,571 studies identified, 100(0.86%) were analysed in detail. The studies were published between 1986 and 2021, with a median of 43 citations (IQR 53) per article. The journal ‘Artificial Intelligence in Medicine’ accounted for the highest number 9(9%)) of articles, and the United States was the country of origin for most of the articles 36(36%).

Conclusion: The trends, development and shortcomings in field of artificial intelligence usage in medicine need to be understood to conduct an effective research in areas that still need attention, and to guide the authorities to direct their funding accordingly.

Published

2024-03-20

How to Cite

Zahoor, F., Muhammad Abdullah, Muhammad Waleed Tahir, & Asif Islam. (2024). The 100 most influential papers in medical artificial intelligence; a bibliometric analysis. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 74(4), 752–761. https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.10064

Issue

Section

Systematic Reviews