Helicobacter Pylori infection among dyspepsia patients in suburbs of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the current prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among Dyspepsia patients and correlate this with Endoscopic findings.
Methodology: A retrospective, descriptive facility-based study conducted from June to December 2017 to estimate the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori among dyspepsia patients from Majmaah, Sudair, Zulfi and Shaqra areas of Riyadh region, Saudi Arabia. Four years data from January 2012 to December 2016 were reviewd by a checklist and analyzed by SPSS.
Results: Out of 1398 dyspepsia patients, 485 (34.7%) were positive, and 913 (65.3%) were negative for H-Pylori infection. Majority of patients (81.7%) had gastritis, out of which, 39.9% of gastritis patients were H-pylori positive. The frequency of H-pylori infection was significantly higher among patients with gastritis (p < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in the frequency of H-pylori infection among patients with erosion, ulcer, polyp and cancer (p > 0.05).
Conclusion: The prevalence of H.Pylori was low as compared to other governorates in the kingdom and regional countries. Gastritis was dominating finding on upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy.
Keywords: Helicobacter pylori, Prevalence, Dyspepsia, Riyadh region