Role of media and the media hypes in the aftermath of mass casualty incidents a qualitative thematic content analysis

Authors

  • Mehjabeen Musharraf Department of APPNA Institute of Public Health, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Ambreen Aslam Department of APPNA Institute of Public Health, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Lubna Baig Department of APPNA Institute of Public Health, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.166

Abstract

Objectives: To explore the role of media during mass casualty events and its impact on the people.

Method: The qualitative thematic content analysis was conducted at Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, from 2018 to 2020 and comprised semi-structured in-depth interviews and focus group discussions involving participants from the health sector and policymakers at the provincial level. Besides, frontline workers such as the ambulance drivers and the first-aid-givers were also included. Data was subjected to conventional content analysis to generate themes.

Results: There were 5 in-depth interviews and 4 focus group discussions in the study. Qualitative analysis revealed that the media has a great deal to do in times of a disaster. The media is the strongest weapon and largely impacts people's mind and behaviour, but it has been playing with their emotions and creating unrest among them.

Conclusion: There is a need for the policymakers to set guidelines and define the role of the media in times of a disaster.

Key Words: Mass casualty, Media, Catastrophe.

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Published

2022-01-12

Issue

Section

Research Article