Association of dietary intake and dietary habits with risk of cardiovascular disease among immigrant Pakistanis living in the Netherlands

Authors

  • Qaisar Raza Department of Clinical Nutrition, Nur International University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Mary Nicolaou Department of Public Health, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Funda Cay Department of Health Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Jaap Seidell Department of Health Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.219

Abstract

Abstract

Objective: To explore the current intake/changed dietary habits being associated with risk of cardiovascular disease after migration from Pakistan to the Netherlands.

Methods: Data collection started in March 2012 and ended in July 2013. Self-administered survey with respect to cardiovascular disease and dietary intake was filled by 154 adult Pakistanis. Participants were approached through festivals and community centres. Descriptive statistics was used to analyse the data.

Results: There were 41 (61%) participants who reported drinking fruit juice every day, while 13 (18.6%) participants reported drinking soft drinks 5-7 days a week. In addition, 20 (30%) participants reported decreased intake of high fat/fried foods, deserts/candy/sweets and red meat, while 23 (35%) reported an increased intake of soft drinks and convenience foods, as far as high calorie and refined food items were considered, after migration.

Conclusion The study showed significant changes in dietary habits, both favourable and unfavourable, being associated with risk of cardiovascular diseases among immigrant Pakistanis living in The Netherlands.

Key Words/MeSh Words: Pakistani; CVD; Migration; Diet; Dietary acculturation

Published

2020-10-26

How to Cite

Qaisar Raza, Mary Nicolaou, Funda Cay, & Jaap Seidell. (2020). Association of dietary intake and dietary habits with risk of cardiovascular disease among immigrant Pakistanis living in the Netherlands. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 1-21. https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.219

Issue

Section

Research Article