Risk factors for mortality among admitted children with complications of measles in Pakistan – an observational

Authors

  • Brekhna Aurangzeb Children Hospital, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Areesh Fatmee PMAS, University of Arid Agriculture, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Rehmana Waris Children Hospital, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Nighat Haider Children Hospital, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Asma Berjees Children Hospital, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Syed Hashim Raza Children Hospital, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.977

Abstract

Abstract

Objective: To identify the vaccination status and risk factors for mortality in children admitted with complications of measles.

Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at Children Hospital, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan, and comprised data of children admitted with complications of measles between 2013 and 2017. Information on vaccination history, complications of measles, anthropometry, hospital stay and outcome within 15 days of admission was retrieved from hospital records. Data was analysed using Stata 14.

Results: Of the 307 children admitted, 79(26%) were aged <9 months and were excluded. Of the remaining 228 subjects, 109(47.8) were unvaccinated. Risk factors significantly associated with mortality were an unvaccinated state of measles vaccine, being stunted, and encephalitis in comparison with pneumonia (p<0.05). A total of 39(17%) children died within 15 days of admission.

Conclusion: Encephalitis, non-vaccination and under-nutrition were significantly associated with mortality in children with complications of measles.

Key Words: Child, Measles, Risk factors, Mortality, Vaccination. Continuous...

Published

2020-11-03

How to Cite

Brekhna Aurangzeb, Areesh Fatmee, Rehmana Waris, Nighat Haider, Asma Berjees, & Syed Hashim Raza. (2020). Risk factors for mortality among admitted children with complications of measles in Pakistan – an observational . Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.977

Issue

Section

Audit