First comprehensive report on distribution of histologically confirmed oral and maxillofacial pathologies; a nine year retrospective study

Authors

  • Hina Shabir Department of Oral Pathology, Rehman College of Dentistry, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Irshad Department of Oral Pathology, Rehman College of Dentistry, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Sofia Haider Durrani Department of Oral Pathology, Sardar Begum Dental College, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Amna Sarfaraz Department of Oral Pathology, Rehman College of Dentistry, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Kanwal Nazir Arbab Department of Community Dentistry, Rehman College of Dentistry, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Maria Tasneem Khattak Department of General Pathology, Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.3082

Abstract

Objective: To report the distribution of oral and maxillofacial pathologies diagnosed histologically in laboratory.

Methods: The retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan, and comprised biopsied lesions submitted to the institutional laboratory from 2010 to 2019. Data on gender, age, site of the lesion and histopathological diagnosis was retrieved from the records. Data was analysed using Microsoft Excel.

Results: Of the 986 histologically confirmed cases, 545(55.27%) related to males and 441(44.72%) to females. The overall mean age of the patients was 43.20+19.85. Tongue was the most affected site 159(16.1%). The most common diagnostic category was malignant tumours 338(34%), followed by salivary gland pathology 162(16%), and cysts and odontogenic tumours 138(14%). The most common histopathological finding was oral squamous cell carcinoma 249(25.2%), and pleomorphic adenoma was the most common benign tumour 103(10.4%).

Conclusion: Oral squamous cell carcinoma was the most common malignancy, while pleomorphic adenoma was the most common benign tumour.

Key Words: Oral and maxillofacial lesions, Prevalence, Histopathology, Benign lesions, Malignant lesions.

Author Biographies

Muhammad Irshad, Department of Oral Pathology, Rehman College of Dentistry, Peshawar, Pakistan

Oral Pathology, Head of department

Sofia Haider Durrani, Department of Oral Pathology, Sardar Begum Dental College, Peshawar, Pakistan

Assistant professor,Oral Pathology

Amna Sarfaraz, Department of Oral Pathology, Rehman College of Dentistry, Peshawar, Pakistan

Senior Registrar, Oral Pathology

Kanwal Nazir Arbab, Department of Community Dentistry, Rehman College of Dentistry, Peshawar, Pakistan

Assistant Professor, Oral Pathology

Maria Tasneem Khattak, Department of General Pathology, Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan

Assistant Professor, General pathology

Published

2022-04-05

Issue

Section

Original Article