Effects of Half-Somersault and Brandt-Daroff exercise on dizziness, fear of fall and quality of life in patients with posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: a randomised control trial

Authors

  • Muhammad Jaffar Department of Allied Health Sciences, Iqra National University, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Misbah Ghous Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Mahnoor Ayaz Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Amir Afzal Khan Department of Allied Health Sciences, Iqra National University, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Asif Akbar Department of Physiotherapy, District Headquarter Hospital, Landikotal, Pakistan
  • Farhan Haleem Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.3333

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the effects of Half-Somersault and Brandt-Daroff exercises on dizziness, fear of fall, and quality of life in patients with posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (PC-BPPV). This study was conducted from July 2020 to November 2020. A total of 20 patients were enrolled in the study, through sealed envelope method, and assigned to two groups, A and B (10 in each). Vestibular activity and participation measure and Fall Efficacy Scale (FES) were used. The mean age of the patients was 36.70±11.58 years. There was a significant (p=0.05) difference between the Vestibular activities and participation measure (VAP) score at post intervention and Fall Efficacy Scale (FES) (p<0.05) between the groups. Within group analysis showed significant results (p=0.01). This study concluded that both manoeuvers are significantly effective in the treatment of PC-BPPV, but patients treated with Brandt-Daroff exercises reported more improvement in terms of quality of life and residual dizziness compared to the Half Somersault group.

Key words: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, dizziness, vestibular rehabilitation.

Published

2022-12-15

Issue

Section

Original Article