Health related quality of life in post-acute coronary patient

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Abstract

The study aimed to assess the effects of lifestyle-modification counselling on behavioural outcomes among patients after myocardial infarction. This was a quasi-experimental study, conducted at the Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology (AFIC), Rawalpindi, from December 2018 to February 2019, on 50 post-myocardial infarction (post-MI) patients. Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding lifestyle was assessed using a self-designed, pre-tested, validated questionnaire. The participants were given health messages regarding lifestyle modifications for 15-20 minutes based on WHO guidelines on the nature of the disease, diet, exercise, smoking cessation, weight and blood pressure monitoring, and salt intake. The mean age of the patients was 58.68 ±10.8 years. The MI knowledge sufficiently improved (28,100%), positive attitude was observed (27, 96.4%), and healthy practices were anticipated (24, 85.71%) significantly (p<0.001) after counselling. The lifestyle modification counselling improved the knowledge, attitude, and practice among post- MI patients but significant improvement was seen only in knowledge and practice.

Keywords: Attitude, counselling, health messages, knowledge, lifestyle modification, myocardial infarction, practice.

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.3461