Can blood glucose levels predict biochemical and hematological abnormalities in Covid -19 patients - Experience from a tertiary care hospital in Balochistan

Authors

  • Saima Bashir Department of Pathology, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta, Pakistan
  • Azeema Ahmad Department of Pathology, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta, Pakistan
  • Hamid Iqbal Department of Pathology, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta, Pakistan
  • Shafia Nasir Department of Pathology, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta, Pakistan
  • Khurram Haq Nawaz Department of Medicine, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta, Pakistan
  • Zeeshan Ayub Department of ENT, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.3803

Abstract

Objective: To find out the association between poor glycaemic levels and biochemical and haematological abnormalities in patients of coronovairus disease-2019.

Methods: The prospective, observational, cohort study was conducted at the Combined Military Hospital, Quetta, Pakistan, from September 2020 to February 2021, and comprised all patients who tested positive for coronavirus disease-2019 on polymerase chain reaction test and were subsequently admitted. The patients were divided into two groups on the basis of random blood glucose level at the time of admission; 11.1mmol/l (206mg/dl) in group A, and 4-11.1mmol (74-206mg/dl) in group B. Association between categorical variables was evaluated and hazard ratio was measured. Data was analysed using SPSS 21.

Results: Of the 349 patients, there were 56(16%) in group A; 40(71.4%) males and 16(28.6%) females with age range 39-61 years. There were 293(84%) subjects in group B; 239(81.5%) males and 54(18.5%) females with age range 27-53 years. Overall, 75(21.4%) patients were known type 2 diabetics. A significant association was found between poor glycaemic control and raised levels of C-reactive protein, lactate dehydrogenase, ferritin, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, troponin, creatine kinase, reatine kinase-MB, alanine aminotransferase, creatinine and D-dimers (p<0.05). Inter-group differences were significant for acute kidney injury, acute liver injury, Intensive care unit admission for coagulation abnormalities and for overall mortality (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Poor glycaemic control was found to be a risk factor for developing multisystem complications in patients of coronavirus disease-2019.

Key Words: Biochemical, Covid-19, Hyperglycaemia.

Author Biographies

Azeema Ahmad, Department of Pathology, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta, Pakistan

Consultant Chemical Pathologist

Hamid Iqbal, Department of Pathology, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta, Pakistan

Consultant hematologist

Khurram Haq Nawaz, Department of Medicine, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta, Pakistan

COnsultant Neurophysician

Zeeshan Ayub, Department of ENT, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta, Pakistan

Consultant FCPS ENT

Published

2022-02-12

Issue

Section

Research Article