Challenges in Screening of Sexually Transmitted Viral Infections of the Female Genital Tract: Where Do we Stand? - A scoping review

Authors

  • Bushra Jamshed Department of Pathology, Post Graduate Medical Institute, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Maham Javed Department of Histopathology, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Saima Zaki Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Huma Khalid Department of HIV, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sobia Idrak Department of Pathology, Post Graduate Medical Institute, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Nadia Naseem Department of Morbid Anatomy and Histopathology, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.4166

Abstract

Globally more than a million sexually transmitted infections occur daily, and over 53 000 [47,000–60,000] women aged 15 and over were living with human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in Pakistan by the year 2020. This situation becomes graver when the sexually transmitted infections exist as co-infections while remaining undiagnosed or under-diagnosed. Additionally, herpetic or papillomavirus lesions are more recurrent, more extensive and have more serious consequences in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients. Literature shows a dramatic increase in morbidity and mortality due to the occurrence of malignancies in genital co-infections. There is a key concern that every single adolescent female living in Pakistan is at a high risk of acquiring viral sexually transmitted infections along with malignancy of the cervix.

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Published

2022-05-10

How to Cite

Jamshed, B. ., Javed, M., Zaki, S., Khalid, H., Idrak, S., & Naseem, N. (2022). Challenges in Screening of Sexually Transmitted Viral Infections of the Female Genital Tract: Where Do we Stand? - A scoping review. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 72(5), 940–946. https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.4166

Issue

Section

Narrative Review