Role of religiosity, optimism, demographic characteristics and mental health problems among cancer patients

Authors

  • Qasir Abbas Department of Applied Psychology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Uzma Kanwal Department of Applied Psychology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Umar Khan Department of Applied Psychology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Wizra Saeed Clinical Psychologist, Ripha International University, Faisalabad Campus, Pakistan
  • Mafia Shahzadi Clinical Psychologist, DHQ Hospital Sheikhupura, Pakistan.
  • Admin

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.1013

Abstract

Abstract

Objectives: The present study aims to investigate the role of religiosity, optimism, depression, death anxiety and differences in demographic characteristics among cancer patients.

Methodology: The current study was completed in 12 months period from July 2018 to July 2019 in three different hospitals of Lahore and Faisalabad. After getting approval from the Institutional Review Board, a sample of N= 400 participants were collected. Only diagnosed patients of cancer with stage 1 and 2 were taken. In study t-test and one-way analysis of variance were used to investigate the findings.

Results: Findings indicate a significant difference between cancer and non-cancer patients on the variables of religiosity, optimism, depression, and death anxiety. Significant gender differences were found on the variables of religiosity, depression and death anxiety and the insignificant difference was found on the construct of optimism among cancer patients. Moreover, cancer patients of rural and urban areas were found significantly different on the variables of religiosity, depression and death anxiety and the insignificant difference was found on optimism scale. Besides, there were found significant differences in death anxiety scale among cancer patients with a different type of cancer.

Conclusion: It is concluded that there is a greater role of religiosity and optimism in controlling the level of depression and fear of death among cancer patients. Also, there is a meaningful role of gender, residential area, and types of cancer.

Keywords: Religiosity; Optimism; Depression; Death Anxiety; Gender; Rural-Urban; Continuous....

Published

2020-12-14

How to Cite

Qasir Abbas, Uzma Kanwal, Muhammad Umar Khan, Wizra Saeed, Mafia Shahzadi, & Admin. (2020). Role of religiosity, optimism, demographic characteristics and mental health problems among cancer patients. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.1013

Issue

Section

Research Article