Body composition profiling and obesity analysis of healthy adults: a cross-sectional study

Authors

  • Zara Khalid Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Foundation University, Islamabad, Pakistan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9030-2306
  • Muhammad Naveed Babur Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Isra University, Islamabad, Pakistan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5437-2497
  • Furqan Ahmed Siddiqi Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Foundation University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Sana Khalid Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Foundation University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Ali Arshad Tareen Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Naureen Tassadaq Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.4673

Abstract

Obesity as depicted by changes in the body composition is considered a global epidemic of the 21st century, predisposing to cardiometabolic diseases. This analytical cross-sectional study evaluated body composition parameters in both genders and conducted an obesity analysis of healthy adult Pakistani population. Using non-probability purposive sampling technique, data was collected from 205 healthy adults (aged 18-45 years), who had not been participating in any structured exercise or dietary regime over the last six months. Body composition was assessed using bioelectrical impedance analyser. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U-test and one-sample T-test were applied. The mean body mass index was 24.3±4.93 kg/m2. Body composition components which were significantly higher in males included soft lean mass, fat-free mass index, skeletal muscle mass index and bone mineral content, whereas females had significantly higher percentage of body fat (PBF), visceral fat area and fat mass index (p<0.05).

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Author Biographies

Zara Khalid, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Foundation University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Senior Lecturer, Foundation University Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences

Muhammad Naveed Babur, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Isra University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Dean/ Principal, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences 

Furqan Ahmed Siddiqi, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Foundation University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Dean/ Principal, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences

Sana Khalid, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Foundation University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Senior Lecturer, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences

Muhammad Ali Arshad Tareen, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Physical Therapist, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 

Naureen Tassadaq, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

HOU Rehab, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 

Published

2022-08-15

How to Cite

Zara Khalid, Muhammad Naveed Babur, Furqan Ahmed Siddiqi, Sana Khalid, Muhammad Ali Arshad Tareen, & Naureen Tassadaq. (2022). Body composition profiling and obesity analysis of healthy adults: a cross-sectional study. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 72(9), 1848–1851. https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.4673

Issue

Section

Short Communication / Short Report

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