Meta-analysis of diabetes mellitus prevalence among tuberculosis patients in Asia and Africa
Objective: To determine the prevalence rate of diabetes mellitus (DM) among active Tuberculosis (TB) patients. To find out the impact of age factor in the prevalence rate.
Methodology: This research work is a meta-analysis to determine the prevalence rate of DM among TB patients in Asian and African countries. To conduct this research total 200 studies are reviewed and 15 studies (28,055 patients) are further used for analysis, while 47% and 53% studies of last seven years (2012-2018) have been included from African and Asian countries respectively. The data is analyzed using the Meta excel extension of excel.
Results: The results revealed that highest prevalence rate 71% found within Pakistan, while overall pooled prevalence of DM among TB patients is 26% with 95% confidence interval (22.12, 28.47). It also has been determined that age significantly affects the prevalence rate of DM among TB patients with -0.634 to 4.179) confidence interval.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that Diabetes Mellitus is widely spreading among people and age also significantly moderate the prevalence rate. Continuous...