Dental caries and Oral hygiene status among primary school children in Quetta, Pakistan: a quantitative approach

Authors

  • Ashfaq Ahmed Khawaja Khail Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5169-977X
  • Katrina Ronis Department of Nutrition, Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Sheh Mureed Department of Maternal and Child Health, Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.5143

Abstract

This study was conducted to ascertain the extent of dental caries among primary school children in Quetta. A total of 362 children were examined for their dental and oral hygiene status. WHO recommended indexes, including Oral Hygiene Index-Simplified (OHI-S) and Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth (DMFT), were used for dental examinations.

The study results reveal a high prevalence of dental caries (74%), and the mean “DMFT” score was 1.07±1.63, and “deft” score 2.29± 2.31. There were no significant differences among mean deft, gender, and type of school (P=.27 and .07) in deciduous dentition. Public school children were approximately two times more likely to have dental caries (OR 1.92; P=.021). Dental caries were significantly higher among children with poor oral hygiene (OR 2.40; P=.005). Overall, the treatment needs of the children were noted to be over 90%.

Keywords: Dental caries, Oral hygiene, Primary schools.

Author Biographies

Katrina Ronis, Department of Nutrition, Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan

Associate Professor, Primary Health Care

Sheh Mureed, Department of Maternal and Child Health, Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan

Assistant Professor, Maternal & Child Health

Published

2022-12-15

Issue

Section

Short Communication / Short Report