Effects of nomophobia on anxiety, stress and depression among Saudi medical students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Authors

  • Nusrat Bano Department of Pharmacology, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Muhammad Anwar Khan Department of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Uzma Asif Department of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Jennifer de Beer Department of Nursing, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Hawazen Rawass Department of Nursing, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Admin

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.983

Abstract

Abstract

Objective: To assess the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress in medical students, and to analyse effects of demographics and nomophobia on depression, anxiety and stress.

Method: The descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, from April 1 to May 23, 2019, and comprised male and female medical students aged 19-25 years. Data was collected using a demographic information form, the 21-item depression, anxiety and stress scale and the 20-item nomophobia questionnaire. Data was analysed using SPSS 20.

Results: Of the 230 students, 108(47%) were boys and 122 (53%) were girls. The overall mean age was 21.93+1.80 years. Anxiety, depression and stress was reported in 168 (74.6%), 158 (70.2%) and 127 (55.9%) of the students. Extremely severe anxiety, depression and stress were self-reported by 92 (40.9%), 38 (16.8%) and 16 (7.04%) students. There was a significant difference in the distribution of subjects within different levels of anxiety across gender (p<0.05).  Higher anxiety and stress scores were observed in 78 (33.9%) students with severe nomophobia. Differences in the levels of anxiety and stress with regards to type of residence and nomophobia levels were significant (p<0.05).

Conclusion: There was high prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress associated with gender, nomophobia levels and residence type.

Key Words: Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Medical, Nomophobia.

Published

2020-11-19

How to Cite

Nusrat Bano, Muhammad Anwar Khan, Uzma Asif, Jennifer de Beer, Hawazen Rawass, & Admin. (2020). Effects of nomophobia on anxiety, stress and depression among Saudi medical students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.983

Issue

Section

Research Article