Amalgamation of self-esteem, depression, anxiety and stress among prosthesis users


  • Muhammad Kamran Chal Foundation Rehabilitation Centre, Bagh, Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan.
  • Nazia Mumtaz Allied Health Sciences, Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Ghulam Saqulain Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Capital Hospital PGMI, CDA, Islamabad, Pakistan



Objective: To find the levels of self-esteem, depression, anxiety and stress among prosthesis users.

Method: The cross-sectional study was conducted from June to November 2018 at Chal Foundation centres in Bagh and Swabi, Pakistan, and comprised prosthesis users of both genders aged 15-60 years. Rosenberg self-esteem scale and Depression anxiety and stress scale-21 were used to collect data which was analysed using SPSS 22.

Results: Of the 400 subjects, 315(78.8%) were males and 85(21.2%) were females. The overall mean age was 38.03±11.86 years. Low level of self-esteem was found in 350(87.5%), depression in 374(93.4%), anxiety in 388(96.9%) and stress in 338(84.4%). Females showed significant association with stress (p=0.009).

Conclusion: The level of self-esteem was low among majority of the participants and psychological well-being was found to be poor.

Key Words: Amputation, Anxiety, Depression, Prosthesis users, Quality of life,


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Research Article