Dysphagia and obstructive sleep apnoea in post-extubated intensive care unit patients

Authors

  • Sidra Javed Department of Speech Language Pathology, Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Anum Ashraf Department of Speech Language Pathology, Riphah College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Nazia Mumtaz Department of Speech Language Pathology, Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3198-6744
  • Ghulam Saqulain Department of Otolaryngology, Capital Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6452-9339

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.6688

Keywords:

Dysphagia, , Berlin questionnaire, , Gugging swallowing screen, , Glasgow comma scale, , Obstructive sleep apnoea, , Post-extubation.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the relationship between dysphagia and obstructive sleep apnoea and its association with age, gender and Glasgow Comma Scale in post-extubated patients in an intensive care setting.

Method: The correlational study was conducted from July 1 to October 31, 2021, at the intensive care unit of Evercare Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, and comprised post-extubated patients of either ender aged 45-70 years within 72 hours following extubation and having Glasgow comma scale score 11-15. Gugging Swallowing Screen and Obstructive Sleep Apnoea questionnaires were used for data collection. Data was analysed using SPSS 25.

Results: Of the 29 patients with a mean age of 57.45±8.74 years, 18(62.1%) were males. There was a significant correlation between dysphagia and obstructive sleep apnoea (p=0.005). The Obstructive Sleep apnoea score had a significant negative correlation with Glasgow Coma Scale score (p=0.01), while dysphagia revealed a significant positive correlation (p<0.001) with Glasgow Coma Scale score. Age and gender had no significant association with either dysphagia or obstructive sleep apnoea (p>0.05).

Conclusion: There was a significant correlation between dysphagia and obstructive sleep apnoea in post-extubated patients under intensive care. Both dysphagia and obstructive sleep apnoea had a significant correlation with Glasgow Comma Scale score.

Key Words: Dysphagia, Berlin questionnaire, Gugging swallowing screen, Glasgow comma scale, Obstructive sleep apnoea, Post-extubation.

Author Biographies

Sidra Javed, Department of Speech Language Pathology, Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan

Ms. Sidra Javed, MS (SLP)

           Speech-Language Pathologist,

            Department of Speech-Language Pathology,

            Riphah International University

            E-Mail: sidrajvd.788@gmail.com

            Contact 03351858069

Anum Ashraf, Department of Speech Language Pathology, Riphah College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan

Ms. Anum Ashraf, MS (SLP)

Senior Lecturer

Department of Speech-Language Pathology,

Riphah College of Rehabilitation Sciences

Riphah International University

            E-Mail: anumslp@gmail.com

            Contact: 03064663368

Nazia Mumtaz, Department of Speech Language Pathology, Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan

Dr. Nazia Mumtaz, Ph.D. (Rehabilitation Sciences)

Head of Department & Associate Professor

Department of Speech-Language Pathology,

            Faculty of Rehab & Allied Health Sciences,

            Riphah International University

            E-mail: nmumtazslp@gmail.com

            Contact: 03335196500

Ghulam Saqulain, Department of Otolaryngology, Capital Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan

Dr. Ghulam Saqulain, DLO, FCPS (Otolaryngology)

Head of Department and Professor, Department of Otolaryngology & Auditory Implant Centre

Capital Hospital PGMI, Islamabad

Published

2023-03-15

How to Cite

Javed, S., Ashraf, A., Mumtaz, N., & Saqulain, G. (2023). Dysphagia and obstructive sleep apnoea in post-extubated intensive care unit patients. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 73(4), 826–829. https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.6688

Issue

Section

Research Article

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