Cholera on high alert


  • Yamna Waseem Department of Internal Medicine, Dow University of Health and Sciences, Civil Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Taha Ahmed Tarin Final Year MBBS Student, Combined Military Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Anish Kumar Department of Internal Medicine, Ghulam Mohammad Mahar Medical College Hospital, Sukkur, Pakistan



Madam, cholera is an acute bacterial infection of the intestine caused by the Vibrio cholera bacteria. Cholera spreads via the faecal-oral route and causes severe diarrhoeal infection. According to the World Health Organization, every year, three million to five million cases of cholera appear; among them 100,000-200,000 deaths occur globally [1]. The disease has been associated with seven pandemics in the past. The first pandemic of cholera occurred in 1817 [2]. In the 19th century, an outbreak of cholera in the Ganges delta, in India, led to the spread of cholera across the world. Six subsequent pandemics of cholera have since then killed millions of people. Later, in 1961, 1971, and 1991, outbreaks occurred in South Asia, Africa, and America respectively. Cholera is now endemic in most Southeast Asian countries, including Pakistan.




How to Cite

Yamna Waseem, Tarin, T. A., & Kumar, A. (2022). Cholera on high alert. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 73(1), 211–211.



Letter to the Editor

Most read articles by the same author(s)