A Quasi Experimental study to Compare Thermo-regulator blanket with conventional method (incubator) for temperature regulations in preterm, Low Birth weight neonates landing at Emergency department of a tertiary care pediatric facility

Authors

  • Murtaza Ali Gowa National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Allah Rakhia Pakistan Health Research Council, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Hayat Bozdar National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Mehboob Noonari National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Syed Jamal Raza National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.800

Abstract

Objective: To compare incubator and thermal blanket for thermoregulation in preterm and low birth weight neonates.

Method: The pilot study was conducted from January to March 2018 at the emergency department of the National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, and comprised preterm and low birth weight neonates without any co-morbidity who were randomised to control and interventional groups. Data was collected using a proforma about demographics, weight, gestational age and brief clinical history. Temperature, blood pressure and pulse were monitored along with other routine care after every 15 minutes in the incubator, and the same procedure was adopted for thermal blankets. Data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 23.

Results: Of the 38 subjects, 19(50%) each were cases and controls. The mean gestational age between the groups was not significantly different (p>0.05). Temperature for the first 60 minutes remained similar in the two groups, but at 75 minutes and onwards, the incubator showed a significantly better results (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Thermal blankets can sufficiently provide a hyperthermic environment to the neonates, but an incubator is a more reliable option to provide sustained temperature.

Key Words: Incubators, Thermoregulation, Infants, Neonates, Preterm, Low birth weight, Thermoregulator blankets.

Author Biographies

Murtaza Ali Gowa, National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, Pakistan

assistan professor,Incharge pediatric intensive care unit NICH.

Allah Rakhia, Pakistan Health Research Council, Pakistan

M.Sc Microbiology,Research officer ,PHRC, SRCCH, NICH, KARACHI.

Muhammad Hayat Bozdar, National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, Pakistan

Assistant professor,Incharge Emergency department NICH,Karachi.

Syed Jamal Raza, National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, Pakistan

Professor peds medicine Director National Institute of Child Health, Karachi.

Additional Files

Published

2022-01-25

Issue

Section

Research Article