Frequency of vitamin D deficiency in children with iron deficiency anaemia and factors associated with vitamin D deficiency

Authors

  • Ayesha Abdul Razzaq Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Nighat Haider Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto University, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Abida Faiz Federal Government Polyclinic Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Maryam Naseer Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Nadia Waheed Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Hina Batool Siddiqui Rawal Institute of Health Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.8042

Keywords:

Anaemia, IDA, Vitamin D deficiency, Micronutrients deficiency, Risk factors

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate vitamin D deficiency in children with iron-deficiency anaemia, and to identify the risk factors for such deficiency.

Method: The cross-sectional study was conducted at the Children’s Hospital, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan, from October 2021 to March 2022, and comprised children aged 1-5 years who had been diagnosed with iron-deficiency anaemia. Quantitative variables, like age, height, weight, gender, socioeconomic status and sibling status, were controlled by stratification. Data was compared to assess the risk factors of vitamin D deficiency among the subjects. Data was analysed using SPSS 22.

Results: Of the 236 children with iron-deficiency anaemia, 159(67.5%) also had vitamin D deficiency; 95(59%) girls and 65(41%) boys. Overall, 104(65.4%) subjects were aged 4-5 years and 55(34.6%) were aged 1-3 years. Vitamin D deficiency had significant association with female gender, older age, height and weight <5th centiles, educated parents, low to middle socioeconomic status, urban residence and higher number of siblings (p<0.05).

Conclusion: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among children with iron-deficiency anaemia was found to be high.

Key Words: Anaemia, IDA, Vitamin D deficiency, Micronutrients deficiency, Risk factors.

Published

2024-03-20

How to Cite

Abdul Razzaq, A., Haider, N., Faiz , A., Naseer, M., Waheed, N., & Siddiqui, H. B. (2024). Frequency of vitamin D deficiency in children with iron deficiency anaemia and factors associated with vitamin D deficiency. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 74(4), 626–630. https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.8042

Issue

Section

Research Article

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