Changes in caloric consumption, physical activity, body mass index and sleeping pattern during holy month of Ramadan among doctors of a public sector University

Authors

  • Arit Parkash APPNA Institute of Public Health, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Greesh Maheswari APPNA Institute of Public Health, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Shiraz Shaikh APPNA Institute of Public Health, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Rabia Anwer APPNA Institute of Public Health, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.8177

Keywords:

Caloric consumption, Physical activity, Body mass index, Sleeping pattern, Ramadan

Abstract

Objective: To determine the change in caloric intake, physical activity, body mass index and sleeping pattern during Ramadan among doctors.

Method: The longitudinal study was conducted at a public-sector medical university in Karachi from April to May 2020, and comprised healthy doctors of either gender who planned to fast during Ramadan. Data was collected using a multitude of validated structured tools by trained data collectors. Data was analysed using SPSS 20.

Results: Of the 193 subjects, 103(53.4%) were females and 90(46.6%) were males. The overall mean age was 30.05±9.4 years. Caloric intake in the month before Ramadan was significantly higher 2288±495kcal/day than during Ramadan 2089±491kcal/day (p<0.001). Calories from proteins decreased and those from fats increased (p<0.001). Metabolic equivalent of task per minute per week increased significantly during Ramadan (p<0.001). Overall sleep per day decreased significantly, and there was an increase in daytime sleep and a decrease in night-time sleep (p<0.05). Body mass index also dropped significantly (p=0.005).

Conclusion: Fasting during Ramadan had a positive effect on body mass index and physical activity levels of doctors, while the quality of diet and sleep was affected negatively.

Key Words: Caloric consumption, Physical activity, Body mass index, Sleeping pattern, Ramadan.

Author Biographies

Greesh Maheswari, APPNA Institute of Public Health, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan

assistant professor

Shiraz Shaikh, APPNA Institute of Public Health, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan

Associate Professor

Rabia Anwer, APPNA Institute of Public Health, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan

Program Manager

Published

2023-09-13

How to Cite

Parkash, A., Maheswari, G., Shaikh, S., & Anwer, R. (2023). Changes in caloric consumption, physical activity, body mass index and sleeping pattern during holy month of Ramadan among doctors of a public sector University. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 73(10), 1987–1991. https://doi.org/10.47391/JPMA.8177

Issue

Section

Research Article