Bursting heart syndrome; a rare case of aortocaval fistula repair
Keywords:Inferior vena cava, Aortocaval fistula, Abdominal aortic aneurysm, Open aneurysm repair, EVAR, Hybrid abdominal aortic aneurysm repair
In this case report we will discuss a case of a 47-year-old woman who presented with abdominal pain, nausea, oliguria and right heart failure. A Computed Tomography (CT) aortogram revealed a fistulous abdominal aortic aneurysm.
The objective of this study is to discuss the haemodynamic changes regarding aortocaval fistula and consider various management options.
A literature search was undertaken on PubMed using appropriate search terms. Case series and reviews reporting presentation, diagnosis and operative management of aortocaval fistula were selected and discussed.
We reached a conclusion that early identification improves surgical planning and reduces mortality. Major abdominal arteriovenous fistula repair appears to be a safer and more successful therapy with positive short and midterm outcomes. Aortocaval fistula care requires a more extensive patient series, so even better conclusions can be drawn.
Keywords: Inferior vena cava; Aortocaval fistula; Abdominal aortic aneurysm; Open aneurysm repair; EVAR; Hybrid abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.
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